The Montreux Convention, It’s a convention which was signed in 1936 that gives Türkiye the right to control the Bosphorus and Hellespont, one of the most important geopolitical places in the world, and to regulate the history of warships. The Convention gives Turkiye full control over the straits and guarantees the free passage of civilian ships in peacetime. It also limits the passage of warships belonging to non-Black Sea ships.
The conference was held in Montreux, Switzerland, on June 22, 1936. After two months of meetings with the new Straits Convention signed by Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, and Türkiye on 20 july 1936, Turkiye’s restricted rights were returned and the sovereignty of the straits region passed to Turkiye.
In ATAMUN’23 conference, our delegates in the Montreux Congress committee will evaluate and reconsider the articles of the Montreux Convention.
- Montreux Straits Convention
Under-Secretary General: Azra ATAKÖŞKER